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Mother’s Day in the United States
Mother’s Day in the United States is annually held on the second Sunday of May. It celebrates motherhood and it is a time to appreciate mothers and mother figures. Many people give gifts, cards, flowers, candy, a meal in a restaurant or other treats to their mother and mother figures, including grandmothers, great-grandmothers, stepmothers, and foster mothers.
The origins of Mother’s Day are attributed to two women, Julia Ward Howe (1819‒1910) and Anna Jarvis (1864‒1948). Around 1870 Howe called for Mother’s Day to be celebrated each year to encourage pacifism amongst women. She was a prominent American abolitionist, social activist, poet, and the author of the famous patriotic song “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” with the popular refrain “Glory, glory, hallelujah! His day is marching on”.
In 1907, Anna Jarvis held a private Mother’s Day celebration in memory of her mother in Grafton, West Virginia. She had organized “Mother’s Day Work Clubs” to improve health and cleanliness in the area where she lived. Anna Jarvis launched a quest for Mother’s Day to be more widely recognized. In 1908, she was instrumental in arranging a service in the Andrew’s Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton, West Virginia, which was attended by more than 400 children and their mothers. The church has now become the International Mother’s Day Shrine. It is a tribute to all mothers and has been designated as a National Historic Landmark.
In 1912 Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrases “second Sunday in May” and “Mother’s Day”, and created the Mother’s Day International Association. She specifically noted that “Mother’s” should “be a singular possessive, for each family to honor its own mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world.
In 1914, the President Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation designating Mother’s Day, held on the second Sunday in May, as a national holiday to honor mothers.
On The third Sunday is celebrated Father`s Day. So the Americans do not forget the Daddies.
Ден на паметта (Memorial Day)
От 1868 г. до края на Първата световна война този ден е в чест на загиналите юнионисти в Гражданската война, но после е разширен и върху загиналите американци във всички войни. Съвременното име Ден на паметта (Memorial Day, старото име е Decoration Day) е наложено след Втората световна война. След 1971 г. се чества на последния понеделник на май (30 юни през 2016 г.) и е официален федерален празник. Флаговете са спуснати наполовина до обяд. Много хора посещават военните гробища и паметници и поставят там цветя и американски знаменца.
Празникът на паметта е различен от празника на ветераните (Veterans Day) на 11 ноември, на който се честват всички американски военнослужещи.
Същевременно този празник се счита за началото на летния сезон. Организират се семейни събирания, пикници и спортни занимания.
Father’s Day is an occasion to mark and celebrate the contribution that your own father has made to your life. Many people send or give cards or gifts to their fathers. Father’s Day in the United States is on the third Sunday of June (June 19th in 2016).
Father figures can include step-fathers, fathers-in-law, grandfathers and great-grandfathers and even other male relatives. Pupils and children prepare handmade cards or small gifts for their fathers.
The origins of the holiday may lie in a memorial service held in 1908 for a large group of men, many of them fathers, who were killed in a mining accident in Monongah, West Virginia in 1907. The other reason is the start of the Mother’s Day tradition in the first decade of the 20th century. A woman called Sonora Smart Dodd was an influential figure in the establishment of Father’s Day. Her father raised six children by himself after the death of their mother. The first time Father’s Day was held in June was in 1910. Father’s Day was officially recognized as a holiday in 1972 by President Nixon.
Independence Day in the USA
Independence Day is annually celebrated on July 4 and is often known as “the Fourth of July”. It is the anniversary of the publication of the declaration of independence from Great Britain in 1776. This is a day of family celebrations with picnics and barbecues, showing a great deal of emphasis on the American traditions. Many people display the American flag outside their homes or buildings. Many communities arrange fireworks that are often accompanied by patriotic music. Independence Day is a federal holiday. If July 4 is a Saturday, it is observed on Friday, July 3. If July 4 is a Sunday, it is observed on Monday, July 5.
Independence Day is a patriotic holiday for celebrating the positive aspects of the United States. Many politicians appear at public events to show their support for the history, heritage and people of their country. Above all, people in the United States express and give thanks for the freedom fought by the first generation of many of today’s Americans. The Statue of Liberty is a national monument that is associated with Independence Day.
People in New England began fighting the British for their independence in 1775. On July 2, 1776, the Congress secretly voted for independence from Great Britain. On July 4, 1776, the final wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved, and the document was published. The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence was on July 8, 1776. Delegates began to sign the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. The term “Independence Day” was not used until 1791. In 1870, Independence Day was made holiday for federal employees.
Labor Day is a federal holiday and is held on the first Monday of September (this year Sept 5). It is a day of rest or the last chance for many people to go on trips before the summer ends. For students, it is the last chance to organize parties before school starts again. In some neighborhoods, people organize fireworks displays, picnics and barbecues, public arts or sports events. The football season starts on or around Labor Day.
The first Labor Day was held in 1882. Its origins stem from the desire of the Central Labor Union to create a holiday for workers. It became a federal holiday in 1894. After the parade, a festival was to be held to amuse local workers and their families. Prominent men and women held speeches. This is less common now and the main purpose is a long weekend between Independence Day and Thanksgiving.